Dementia stages

Dementia is a set of symptoms which occur when the brain is damaged by a condition, such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes.

The stages below provide an overall idea of how abilities change once symptoms appear and are intended to be used as a general guide.
Please, be aware that it may be difficult to place a person with dementia in a specific stage as stages can overlap.
There are three major stages of dementia:

Stage 1

Disorientation
Repetiveness
Communication challenges
Anxiety
Forgetfulnesss

Stage 2

Purposeless wandering;
becoming lost
Confusion with time
Forgetfulness
Changes in sleep patterns
Personality and behavioural changes
Moods and emotions
Aggression

Stage 3

Incontinence
Changes in behaviour
Restricted mobility
Inability to recognise people and places
Inexplicable agitations
Unwillingness to move on their own
Hallucinations

Dementia Forum

If you want to know more about the different dementia stages you can read more about it on our partner website.

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