All you need
to know about


Dementia is one of the fastest growing and most costly conditions in the world.

Dementia is an umbrella term for a number of different symptoms caused by various conditions. The common cognitive symptoms involve the deterioration in memory and thinking, as well as behavioural changes, which restrict the ability to perform everyday activities.

As of today, 75% of individuals living with dementia have not received a formal diagnosis.

There are 9.9 million new individuals diagnosed each year and an estimated annual cost of $1 trillion.

Learn more about Dementia:


People often tend to consider being forgetful and thinking slowly as a normal part of growing old. While this is partially true, dementia is not part of normal ageing.

In dementia, a persons’ daily functioning becomes impaired. Dementia is progressive and affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language and judgment.


There is a dramatic need for dementia care and treatment. Currently, there is a very low availability of specialist doctors and nurses globally, and the prevention methods and medicines available are not effective enough. As the incidence of dementia grows, those primary care structures will struggle to deliver high-quality care.

Technology can contribute to changing this situation and make it possible for non expensive care and medical technology to reach those with low accessibility.


Dementia has different stages. Early dementia is often overlooked because the onset is gradual and symptoms are often considered a normal part of ageing.

In the later stages of dementia, the cognitive impairment becomes extensive and the individual will require assistance with daily tasks.

Geras Solutions App

Even a tablet or a smartphone, with the right app, can provide access to essential care and support.

Get more information about our easy-to-use app for quick and effortless support from dementia specialists from your home.

Dementia Symptoms

Dementia is a set of symptoms which occur when the brain is damaged by a condition, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Lewy Body disease or a series of strokes.

The specific symptoms experienced by a person with dementia depend on the parts of the brain that are damaged and the type of the condition or disease.

Please, be aware that these symptoms are not always immediately noticeable, but often occur over a varied period of time.

A person with dementia will have cognitive symptoms:

Day-to-day memory

Difficulty recalling events that happened recently.


difficulties following a conversation or finding the right word for something.


Losing track of the day or date, or becoming confused about where they are.

Concentrating, planning or organizing

Difficulties making decisions, solving problems or carrying out a sequence of tasks (eg. cooking a meal).

Visuospatial skills

Problems judging distances (eg on stairs) and seeing objects in three dimensions.

Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms gradually get worse over time. How quickly dementia progresses varies greatly from person to person. As dementia progresses, the person may develop behaviors that seem unusual or out of character.

Dementia Stages

Dementia is a set of symptoms which occur when the brain is damaged by a condition, such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes.

Stage 1

Communication challenges

Stage 2

Purposeless wandering;
becoming lost
Confusion with time
Changes in sleep patterns
Personality and behavioural changes
Moods and emotions

Stage 3

Changes in behaviour
Restricted mobility
Inability to recognise people and places
Inexplicable agitations
Unwillingness to move on their own

Dementia Treatment

A particular type of drug, called cholinesterase inhibitors, are commonly prescribed to treat dementia, and work by increasing the levels of certain neurotransmitters involved in memory and judgment. In addition to this, other drugs may be prescribed, targeting other symptoms that may be present alongside memory loss, such as depression, sleep disturbance or agitation.

Unfortunately, these drugs have limited efficacy, but patients can adopt certain lifestyle changes that have been proven to be effective in slowing down cognitive decline (while having minimal negative side-effects), such as having a better diet, increasing ones physical and social activities.

Below you can find more information on some forms of complementary care, and also on how technology can be used for dementia care.

Complementary care

Biological interventions,
using natural resources.

Energic interventions, targeting
recovery of energy balance.

Mind-body interventions, about the
influence of thoughts and emotions
on the body.

Body orientated interventions, about
touch and light manipulation of the body
to favour relaxation and physical balance.


Smart lighting
Wearables with GPS-tracking
Virtual reality

Dementia Forum

If you want to know more about treatment, complementary care and e-health you can read more about it on our partner website.